Issue 1 V1.08
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Welded Connections > Shear on Tube/Pipe FP Butt Weld

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Full Penetration Pipe Weld Stress

Notation and Units

Metric and Imperial Units

The above welding stress equations may be used with both imperial and metric units. As with all mathematical calculations care must be taken to keep consistent units throughout. Examples of units which could be adopted have been provided below:


  • a = weld throat thickness, in or mm
  • Aw = weld throat area, in2 or mm2
  • D = tube/pipe outside diameter, in or mm
  • d = effective tube/pipe inside diameter , in or mm
  • P = total shear force, kip or kN
  • τ = shear stress, psi or MPa
  • τ|| = shear stress parallel to weld direction, psi or MPa